A Color Palette is either oval or oblong and is made from wood or white plastic. The oval color palettes are called studio palettes but the oblong color palettes are the most popular. Some artists use glass places on top of a table. It is important to keep the mixing area clean with turpentine substitute after each painting session.
The traditional painting surface (support) for oil painting is canvas but, over the years, new surfaces have emerged witch are cheaper and allow artist more choices.
When you buy a canvas, it has usually been primed and stretched. Four stretcher prices are slotted together to form a frame and the canvas is professionally stretched over ad fastened on to it. Two wedges are put in each corner of the frame; when they are knocked in with a small hammer the canvas tension increases as the frame becomes slightly large. When it is drum tight , it is right for painting. You can buy canvas by the yard length and stretch your canvases at home. However, if you are a beginner in oil painting, it is easier to start with other supports and use canvas only for a few special paintings.
Some examples of supports are:
- cartridge paper with 2 coats of Acrylic Primer
- Oil sketching paper, fine grain
- Oil sketching paper, coarse grain
- Whatman watercolor paper with 3 coats of Acrylic Primer
- Hardboard with 3 coats of Acrylic Primer
- Canvas panel
Note that whatever material you use, it must be primed so that the oil from the paint is not sucked into it. You can do this by applying 2 or 3 coats of household emulsion paint or Acrylic Primer which can easily be obtained from an art store. Without priming the surface, the paint will not stick and could be rubbed off and will not spread so easily.
Oil sketching paper is one of the cheapest materials to use. It is primed and ready to use and can be bought in pads or sheets.
You should try different materials to see what you like to use. As long as you prime the material, most can be used to practice on.